Ababda, “Ababda House” is the cultural heritage
center of the Ababda nomads is nestled in the foothills
at Wadi El Gemal National Park.
The Ababda are nomads living in the Red Sea Mountains
in south-east Egypt. Originally descendents of Arab
tribes, this group of nomads show strong connections
with the overarching Beja culture in Egypt, Sudan, Somalia
and Ethiopia. The local economy is largely based on
herding camels, goats and sheep, although increasingly
the Ababda find employment in fishing, as truck drivers,
or cheap labor and, increasingly, in tourism.
main goals of this project are to provide alternative
livelihoods for the Ababda, help protect their desert
lifestyle where possible, and illustrate the fragile
and age-old balance between the desert environment and
subsistence economy of the local nomads.
collection in this museum has been compiled by a group
of Ababda and archaeologists working from 1994-2001
at the ancient harbor of Berenike, 100 km South of Wadi
The design is in keeping with the park's architectural
theme which embody the region’s identity utilizing
aspects of vernacular and historical architecture such
as passive cooling. and the use of sustainable organic
materials in construction.